There are literally dozens of different types of archery competitions. For the purpose of our website, we will focus on the main ones that are shot in Canada.
To clarify some basic terms that are used below:
- A round means the whole competition/shoot.
- An end means one turn or set of arrows being shot.
- A butt is the target backing that the arrows are shot into.
Archers shoot in categories based on the equipment they shoot and their age.
Styles of Archery
Target Archery is when arrows are shot at a target (attached to a backstop called a butt) on a flat field. How many arrows and at what distances they are shot from are determined by what type of shoot that the archer is competing in. Normally 3 or 6 arrows are shot in an end, depending on the type of shoot and distances, then the scores are tallied.
Field Archery differs from target archery in that the shooting takes place in the field, or in the bush. When shooting competitive field archery you walk in groups of 4 around a marked course in wooden or open landscape. The arrows are still shot into the butts, but the size and type of the targets differ from target archery and the scoring is different as well. Additionally, depending on your age and equipment category, each butt is shot at differing distances and as well as uphill, downhill, or over streams, making the field course a little more challenging than target shooting. Challenging or not, field archery is great for archers that are looking to get some exercise and have some variety in their shooting.
Canada shoots the FITA Field Round consisting of 24 targets (in 12 target groups) at various ranges from 10 – 60 metres. Cadets and barebow archers shoot at different shooting stakes from the other categories. IFAA Field is also shot, but mostly in Ontario.
3D Archery is one of North America’s fastest growing sports. 3D archery consists of shooting either burlap sacs (called a “bag course”) or 3 dimensional foam animals at unknown distances, usually in hilly terrain. The scoring is dependant on where your arrow strikes these foam animals or bags. Originally developed for hunting practice, it’s now shot by many non hunters due to its competitive nature.
Although it is not shot often, we should also mention Clout Archery. In clout you are shooting at a short flag stuck into the ground at a greater distance than for target shooting. Shooting distances are 165m or 185m for men, 128m or 165m for women and 128m or 80m for juniors. The variation of distance depends on the type of bow being used and the age of the juniors. Clout is not shot very often due to the difficulties in finding suitable sized grounds.
Age Categories According To Archery Canada and FITA
Age categories are different depending on what type of competition that you are shooting. Archery Canada Tir à L’arc has age categories that are the same as FITA (the main international organization). These are important — specifically for the younger ages as they determine the distances that you shoot from during a competition.
There are also a number of different equipment categories that archers must be aware of as each category has its own records and requirements.
From the official Archery Canada rulebook, section 4.2.1 (FITA differs), we have the following information:
Standard Age Categories
|Category Name||Age (as of December 31st of the current year)|
|Master Men & Master Women||50+ years old|
|Senior Men [also called “Men”]||Anyone can compete as a Senior regardless of age.|
If you are 21 or older you must compete as a Senior and may not compete in younger categories.
|Senior Women [also called “Women”]|
|Junior Men & Junior Women||20 or younger|
|Cadet Men & Cadet Women||17 or younger|
|Cub Men & Cub Women||14 or younger|
|Pre-Cub Men & Pre-Cub Women||12 or younger|
|Peewee Men & Peewee Women||9 or younger|
JOP Age Categories
|Category Name||Age (as of January 1st of the current year)|
|Intermediate Men & Intermediate Women||18-21 years old|
|Junior Men & Junior Women||17-18 years old|
|Cadet Men & Cadet Women||15-16 years old|
|Cub Men & Cub Women||13-14 years old|
|Robins||10-12 years old|
|Badgers||9 years old and younger|
Types of Archery Competitions
This is the international round shot round the world for FITA Stars (an award for shooting scores of 1000, 1100, 1200, 1300, 1350 and 1400). This is also the round shot for qualifying at the World Championships.
- 36 arrows at 90, 70, 50, & 30 metres for Men, for a total of 144 arrows.
- 36 arrows at 70, 60, 50, & 30 metres for Women, Cadet, and Master Men, for a total of 144 arrows.
- The standard FITA 4 colour/10 ring 122 cm target is used at 90, 70, and 60 metres; each end is 6 arrows.
- The 80cm target is used at 50 & 30 metres with 12 ends of 3 arrows at each distance.
2 rounds are normally shot indoors:
- FITA 18M - The international indoor round 60 arrows (usually shot in 2 rounds of 30) at the 40cm target face, at 18 metres
- FITA 25M – The international indoor round 60 arrows (usually shot in 2 rounds of 30) at the 60cm target face, at 25 metres
720 Round (AKA Combined FITA 70/60/50M Round)
The qualification round for the Olympic games (recurve only) is shot at 70M (72 arrows).
Compounds also shoot this round at world cups and other events, always at 50M. It is also shot at 60M for masters and cadets.
5 ends of 6 arrows at 55, 45, & 35 metres on the 122cm target face.
JOP Rounds (Junior Olympic Program)
The JOP shoots mostly the FITA I indoors and the Canadian 900 outdoors. The target size and distance changes based on skill levels attained. See our JOP Page for more info.
International Target Archery
Internationally there are only 2 bow categories: Recurve and Compound.
- Shooting of a recurve bow with attachments such as sights (no scopes) and stabilizers. The bow must be shot with fingers. Sometime referred to ‘Olympic’ style, as this the only equipment allowed for Olympic competition.
- Recurve bows shot without sights are shot in the Barebow category.
- Shooting of a compound bow with all attachments (such as sights, stabilizers, scopes). The bow may be shot with a release aid. Internationally, compound bows shot with fingers would still be in this category.
- A recurve bow shot with a release would shoot in this category. There is no barebow competition for compounds internationally.
- Compound bows must not be over 60 lbs.
In Canada and most other countries a greater variety is allowed, but when shooting tournaments registered with World Archery, the above categories are all that are contested.
In World Archery competitions arrows may be no more than 9.3mm in diameter.
Canadian Target Archery
Canada allows for much more flexibility in target archery categories, which means significantly more categories in most tournaments.
Recurve archers for the most part shoot World Archery (Olympic) style.
Compound archers are usually broken into groups based on shooting with fingers or releases. As these categories do not fall under World Archery rules, there are no restrictions on arrow size, optics, electronics, or bow weight.
- Bowhunter Unlimited (release)
- Bowhunter Limited (fingers)
- Bowhunter Unsighted (no sights, fingers)
Traditional archery is the use of a longbow and fingers. There are no equipment restrictions. A longbow is usually defined as a bow where the string does not touch the limbs until the nock.
Canadian 3D Archery
In Canada 3D archery categories vary by province and area. Listed here are the most common Canadian 3D categories:
- Compound Unaided
- Bowhunter Fingers (sight allowed)
- Bowhunter Release (non adjustable sight)
- Bowhunter Open
- Recurve (Un-Aided) (Barebow) World Archery recurve rules apply
This page is only intended as a guide. For complete rules consult the Archery Canada website.